Evolution of technology throughout the years have defined Roles and responsibilities for different layers on ICT management as- CIO-> CTO-> IT Director-> IT Manager-> IT Assistant … A CIO is responsible for managing an organization’s IT staff, as well as its IT-related assets like software and hardware, and for strategic planning as it relates to computer systems and the organization’s network. The CIO is a business-technology leader. The CIO does not have to fully understand how the technology works but understand what it can do and how it can impact the business. CIO role is essential for the business because we cannot build a product without using technology. CIO must be able to link the world of technology with product development, make crucial business decisions based on unique knowledge and experience.”
It’s easy to confuse CIOs and chief technology officers (CTOs), but they don’t have the same responsibilities, and the positions require different skill sets. A CIO is usually in charge of the organization’s internal IT operations and is the top technology infrastructure manager. A CTO ensures a company’s technology strategy aligns with its objectives and requirements. This executive is the company’s top technology architect and runs the engineering group. “The CTO is immersed in technology and has an engineering-level understanding of how the technology works and where it is headed,” said Bittner. The CTO typically reports to the CIO, while the CIO reports to the CEO or another C-suite executive.
Another potential point of confusion is the IT director versus the CIO, particularly for smaller companies. The IT director typically reports to the CIO and handles the day-to-day tasks associated with IT assets, computer systems, and network management. Keeping the company’s systems up and running is the primary concern of the IT director and their department. While the IT director may identify areas for improvement in the technology the company uses, they will not ultimately make strategic planning decisions regarding the overarching technological direction of the company. They interact with third-party vendors or digital service providers and may make recommendations regarding these to the CIO. While the CIO determines the overall strategy, the management of day-to-day relationships with vendors remains the IT director’s responsibility. While the IT director and CIO have different focuses, both require the ability to collaborate effectively with a team, negotiate both internally and externally, and deliver presentations to the larger organization.